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#AoIR2018 has ended
Friday, October 12 • 11:00am - 12:30pm
Materialities / Spatialities / Temporalities

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MEMORY OF THE FUTURE? DIGITAL ARCHIVES IN PUBLIC SERVICE MEDIA
Tobias Eberwein, Corinna Gerard-Wenzel
Archives by public service media (PSM) are often regarded as an ideal instrument for creating a collective 'cultural memory', which is essential in the individualized, differentiated and polarized societies of today. Technological innovations and digitization open up new possibilities in this regard, as data can be stored and made accessible more easily. In their daily work, however, PSM archives encounter various obstacles. How do PSM across Europe deal with the digitization of audiovisual archives and what exactly are the problems and challenges that accompany this process? To answer this question, the authors conducted problem-centered interviews with journalists, members of audience relations departments, legal departments, archivists and archive managers in selected European countries (Austria, Finland, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom). In addition, selected examples of the publicly accessible archived content were analyzed and evaluated. The paper highlights tensions between personal rights and collective interests in the process of creating cultural memory: One of the main transformations in archiving that digitization has brought about is the way in which the material is publicly accessed and the proportion of the material that is publicly accessible. However, digitization has also caused significant risks, particularly with regard to the legal and ethical challenges it causes. The paper concludes with proposals for media policy.

ONLINE TEMPORALITIES, PLACES, NEWS AND MATERIALITIES
Henrik Bødker, Niels Brügger
This paper focuses on how news websites constitute interrelated temporalities at the intersections between technological affordances, differently situated events and the specific location or anchoring of the news websites. The broader aim of this paper is thus to get a more detailed understanding of how news sites grounded in differently sized places such as small town, bigger cities, or regions negotiate the temporal affordances of the internet with differently constituted temporalities (e.g. social and embodied times). The study thus aims to add to the broader discussions of how the internet is localized in various and complex ways.

At the national level, news websites in several countries frame events within national boundaries (as shown by Curran et al. 2013) and thus arguably adhere to what Sassen (2000) calls the temporality of the nation. By looking at sites located in, respectively, a regional centre, a local centre and a smaller town, we aim to understand how the digital constitution of temporalities happens within locations with different relations to the regional, national and global.

Such an analysis will help constitute a more nuanced view in opposition to more broadly conceived notions of internet time or network time. “Network time […] is not total or monolithic” says Hassan (2014: 9); and people engage with the internet from “within ‘social time,’ that is, specifically located cultural negotiations between body time, natural time, wider cultural time regimes, and, linked to that, technological temporalities” (Bodker, 2017, 56).

GEOGRAPHIES OF CULTURE: THE CASE FOR CRITICAL CULTURAL MAPPING
Danielle Jeanine Deveau
Of the many aspects of our daily lives that are mapped, our cultural spaces, activities, and events are pinned and displayed in mapped interfaces. We rely on maps to organize our experiences of urban spaces - planning a night out for food, drinks, and cultural consumption through proximate activity. Large cultural events, such as music festivals, are not only scheduled, but carefully mapped - directing attendees to various stage and performance locations, beer gardens, merchandise booths, port-a-potties, and food trucks. For an urban centre with a strong cultural scene to be guaranteed attraction, it must be mapped.

Integrating qualitative and quantitative methodologies, this research considers the role of cultural mapping both as an analytic tool and a public facing application. Furthermore, it considers the complex ways in which spatial representations interact in problematic ways with lived experience and cultural practices. In particular, I consider various stages of and approaches to cultural mapping undertaken in the Waterloo Region (Ontario, Canada). This case study illustrates well the constraints and shortcomings of mapping as a planning and information dissemination tool, the limitations of big data approaches to urban economic development, and the challenges of incorporating multiple-stakeholders into data curation and visualization projects. In short, this research seeks to reconcile the constraints of “big data” planning approaches with the complex, sometimes intangible, and often messy processes of building and visualizing vibrant and liveable communities and cities.

AFTER IDENTITY: GEOLOCATION AND THE POLITICS OF PROXY
Benjamin Parrish Haber
In this paper, I explore the discourses and diagramatics of the growing industry that uses location as both a social proxy and as an alternative form of subjectification to more traditional social techniques based in mining archival material. I’m interested in the affective distance between geolocation information that feels more abstractly related to the self and more ostensibly “personal” information like preference and demographic information. I suggest the uneven nature of public concern around privacy and digital culture reflects the extent to which we have been primed to alternately personalize or minimize our interpellation by data, so that cumulative location information collected by Alphabet through their Google Maps application is less likely to inspire anxious concern around privacy than more obviously “social” media.

I focus in particular on a number of companies who, in a variety of ways, are mobilizing location information to offer “personalized” advertising experiences beyond the collection of more traditional markers of social identification. These include: Placed, acquired by Snap, Inc. in 2017, which calls itself the “leader in location-driven insights and ad intelligence”; PlaceIQ, which promises to turn “location data into location intelligence”; and Foursquare Location Intelligence, part of the enterprise wing of the pioneering location based social network. This critical cultural theory centered project uses content and textual analysis of publicly available documents and schematics to frame the political stakes of the increasingly central place of location to the digital advertising business.



Friday October 12, 2018 11:00am - 12:30pm
Sheraton - Salon 5

Attendees (23)